Cooperatives Impact on U.S. Economy

The University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Center for Cooperatives is an amazing resource for the coop movement in the United States. The chart below shows the impact that cooperatives have on the US economy.

For more information, download the full report (pdf), Research on the Economic Impact of Cooperatives

In 2006, the University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives, with grant funding support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and matching support from the National Cooperative Business Association and the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, conducted a census of cooperative business in the U.S. economy. Nearly 30,000 U.S. cooperatives operate at 73,000 places of business throughout the U.S. These cooperatives own over $3 trillion in assets, generating over $500 billion in revenue and over $25 billion in wages.

The impact of this economic activity ripples out into the broader economy as spending by the co-op, and by those that receive its wages and income, generate revenue and income in other businesses. It is estimated that cooperatives account for nearly $654 billion in revenue, over two million jobs, $75 billion in wages and benefits paid, and a total of $133.5 billion in value-added income.

Americans hold 350 million memberships in cooperatives; nearly 340 million of which are in consumer cooperatives. Patronage refunds and dividends distributed to members generate an estimated $79 billion in total impact.

Economic Impact of U.S. Cooperatives: Aggregate Impacts by Sector

SectorRevenue (in millions)IncomeWagesEmployment (Jobs)FirmsEstablishments
Commercial Sales and Marketing201,20737,73713,810422,5053,4635,695
Social and Public Services7,5252,2131,690424,50511,31111,311
Financial Services394,363100,66151,1761,133,3539,96450,330
Utilities49,80813,3928,292162,8734,5465,657
Total652,903154,00274,9692,143,23629,28472,993

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